# Yield to Call Formula: Exploring Changes in Forex Trading ## What is a Yield to Call Formula?

Yield to call is a formula commonly used in investing to determine the return on an investment after it has been purchased and held until the bond’s stated call date. This formula is important for investors as it helps calculate the return on their investment, as well as to assess potential risks associated with investing in bonds.

In essence, the yield to call formula is used to calculate the expected return on the bond or note by taking into consideration the period until call date. This formula determines the effective yield of a bond and calculable yield of bonds callable prior to their maturity date. Generally, the yield to call is higher than a regular bond’s yield to maturity.

## What is the Formula Used for calculating Yield to Call?

The yield to call formula can be calculated using the following simple formula: Yield to call = (Call Price + Interest payments) / (Actual Price of Bond). This formula takes the call price, which is the price of the bond when it is called, and adds the interest payments during the period until the call date.

By dividing the sum of these two values by the actual price of the bond, it will be possible to calculate the effective yield of the bond prior to the call date. This formula is especially valuable when comparing the potential return from various bonds. For investors, calculating the yield to call is essential to assessing the risk of the investment.

## Example of Yield to Call Calculations

To understand how the yield to call formula works, consider this example: Let’s assume that the current price (\$100) of a bond is less than the call price (\$115). Therefore, the yield to call for the bond can be calculated as follows: Yield to call = (115 + 15) / (100) = 1.3. This means that the expected yield for the bond with a call price of \$115 is 1.3.

In this example, the yield to call is higher than the yield to maturity, since the call price is higher than the actual price of the bond (the difference between the call price and the bond’s actual price is \$15).

Ultimately, calculating the yield to call is essential for any investor looking to invest in bonds or notes. By taking into consideration the call price, interest payments during the period until the call date, and the bond’s actual price, investors can accurately calculate the potential returns on their investment. Furthermore, the yield to call formula can be used to compare the yields of different bonds so investors can assess the risk associated with each one.

## What Is Yield To Call?

Yield to Call (YTC) is a calculated return that an investor will earn if they purchase a bond and the issuing institution calls the bond back before it matures. YTC is also referred to as Yield to Refund. YTC is usually higher than a bond’s current yield because investors expect that the call price will be higher than the price at which the investor purchases it. YTC is often used to calculate bond yields, but it is important to remember that YTC applies only to callable bonds. A callable bond is one that gives the issuer the right to repurchase the bond from the investor before the original maturity date.

## Yield to Call Formula

The yield to call formula is a mathematical calculation used to determine the compound interest rate at which the present value of a bond’s future coupon payments and call price is equal to the price of the bond. The equation for calculating YTC is: YTC = [(call price + annual coupon payment) / par] -1. In order for this formula to be accurate, the annual coupon rate needs to be inserted in decimal form. For example, a bond with an 8% coupon rate would be a 0.08 in the formula. The par value of a bond is often each, meaning that the outstanding face value of the bond is equal to the par value.

## Yield to Call Exampl​​e

Let’s look at an example of the YTC formula. A bond may have a par value of \$100, a coupon rate of 8%, a call price of 104 and the number of periods would be 1. To calculate the yield to call: YTC = [(104 + (100 × 0.08))/ 100] -1 = (112/100) -1 = 0.12 = 12%. This means that the yield to call for the bond is 12%.

When evaluating yield to call investments, it is important to remember that call prices may not always remain the same. Therefore, if the current yield of the bond is lower than the yield to call, it may still be a good investment as the call price may increase over time. Additionally, investors should look at a bond’s call features before investing to confirm when the issuer has the right to call the bond back. By understanding the yield to call and YTC formula investors can make more informed decisions when investing in callable bonds.